Truus van Aalten

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Reference numbers make text hard to read, so they don't appear in this site. If you need to know where I found any bit of information, please email me at and I'll tell you - but if it's any help, here's a list of the sources I've used:




(3) Correspondence with Lilli Parker, daughter of Alfred Zeisler, 2007.


(5) Article: Why have film historians forgotten so many of the Weimar-era stars? by Joseph Garncarz.

(6) Truus info:

(7) Karl Valentin info: "Karl Valentin".

(8) Brochure for Kino International's restoration of Metropolis.

(9) Karl Valentin info:

(10) Ufa info:

(11) Lien Deyers info:


(12) Book: German History 1933-45 by H. Mau and H. Krausnick. Oswald Wolff Ltd, London, 1963.

(13) Cinema Kuriers for various films (translation: Sean Duggan, Dorothy Bradbury, 2008).

(14) Fritz Lang info: (sadly this link has stopped working)

(15) Book: The BFI Companion to German Cinema.


(17) "Backfisch" info:

(18) Film reviews from the New York Times:


(20) "Battle of the Netherlands".

(21) "Cinema of the Netherlands".


(23) Article: Survival and Resistance: The Netherlands Under Nazi Occupation by Linda M. Woolf, PhD:


(25) "Lou Bandy".

(26) Book: From Caligari To Hitler by Siegfried Kracauer. Princeton University Press, USA, 2004.

(27) WW2/Hitler info:

(28) Henk Godwaldt info:

(29) Book: The German Cinema Book by Bergfelder, Carter and Gokturk. BFI Publishing, UK, 2002.

(30) Book: Silent Star by Colleen Moore. Doubleday, USA, 1968.

(31) Book: Twaalf van de film by B Binger-Cantor. JM Meulenhoff, Holland (translation: Elte Rauch, 2007).

(32) Book: Achter het doek by Kathinka Dittrich. Het Wereldvenster, Holland, 1987 (translation: Stefanie van Stokkom, 2007).

(33) Tuschinski Theatre info: Cinema Treasures website

(34) O Madchen... review: Der Film #11, 1930.

(35) O Madchen... review: Kinematograpf, 13 March 1930.

(36) Truus and Max Reinhardt info: (translation: Elte Rauch, 2007).

(37) Meisje... precis by Stefanie van Stokkom, 2007.


TvA portrait 1932b.jpg

(39) Various film reviews:

(40) Szöke Szakall info: and

(41) Peter und Billy info:

(42) Book: From The Ends Of The Earth - The Jews In The 20th Century by Martin Gilbert. Cassell & Co, London, 2001.

(43) Film-Magazin 15/6/'30. Berlin, 1930.

(44) Book: Roses From The Earth - The Biography Of Anne Frank by Carol Ann Lee. Penguin Books, London, 2000.

(45) "Greatest German comedy" quote:

(46) Correspondence with memorabilia expert and movie lover Paul Ernetz.

(47) Correspondence with Kathinka Dittrich van Weringh (European culture expert), 2007, 2008.

(48) Book: Dutch Cinema by Peter Cowie. Tantivy Press, London, 1979.

(49) Filmstad studio info:

(50) Notice of Truus' death translated by Stefanie van Stokkom, 2007.

(51) Correspondence with Frans van Aalten, 2007.

(52) Article Das Mädchen aus Holland by Edith Hamann from Die Filmwoche #27, 1930 (translation: Stefanie van Stokkom, 2007).

(53) Article Truus van Aalten - Schauspielerin by Kathinka Dittrich (translation: Stefanie van Stokkom, 2007).

(54) SZ Sakall info: "S.Z. Sakall".

(55) O Mädchen... review: Lichtbildbühne 13 March 1930.

(56) Lustigen Vagabunden review: Kilmkurier #9, February 1929.

(57) Ich hab mein Herz... review: Der Film #42, 25 October 1929.

(58) Ich hab mein Herz... review: MKB Filmrundschau, 29 October 1929.

(59) Ich hab mein Herz... review: Deutsche Filmzeitung, 18 January 1930.


(60) Sieben Töchter... info:

(61) Die Filmwoche #21, 1933.

(62) Filmwelt #23, 4 June 1933.

(63) Nur am Rhein review: Filmkurier #167v, 17 June 1930.

(64) Nur am Rhein review: MKB Filmrundschau, 22 June 1930.

(65) Selige Exzellenz info:

(66) Truus article in Het Weekblad magazine, Holland, ?/?/1927.

(67) Truus interview with "Marijke" in Het Weekblad magazine, Holland, ?/?/1927 (translation: Elte Rauch, 2008).

(68) Book: The Mystery Of Olga Chekhova by Anthony Beevor. Penguin Books, UK, 2005.

(69) Kasernenzauber poster info:

(70) Hirsekorn greift ein Kinoprogramme, Germany, 1931.

(71) Pension Schöller German Film-Kurier.

(72) Berlin between the wars info: book: Before The Deluge by Otto Friedrich. Avon Books, USA, 1972.

(73) Book: The Josephine Baker Story by Ean Wood. Sanctuary Publishing, UK, 2000.

(74) Berlin between the wars info: book: A Dance Between Flames by Anton Gill. John Murray Ltd, UK, 1972.

(75) St Theresa of Lisieux info:

(76) Königin Augusta-Strasse info:

(77) Een liedje voor onze Truus song. Words and music: Alexander de Haas. Written when Truus visited the Hague for the Internationale Tentoonstelling op Filmgebied exhibition in 1928. Courtesy of Kathinka Dittrich van Weringh.

(78) Dutch article, 1934. Courtesy of Kathinka Dittrich van Weringh.

(79) Max Hansen info:

(80) Max Hansen info:

(81) Book: Requiem For The Resistance - The Civilian Struggle Against Nazism In Holland & Germany by Herman Friedhoff. Bloomsbury Publishing, UK, 1988.

(82) Review of Het meisje...: Dutch magazine, 13/10/1934. Courtesy of Kathinka Dittrich van Weringh.

(83) Article in Rotterdamsche Dameskroniek, Holland, April 28, 1928. Courtesy of Kathinka Dittrich van Weringh.

(84) Book: The UFA Story by Klaus Kreimeier, translated by Robert and Rita Kimber. University Of California Press, USA, 1999.

(85) Correspondence with film historian Daniel van Waalwijk, 2008.

(86) Book: The Shattered Silents - How The Talkies Came To Stay by Alexander Walker. Elm Tree Books, UK, 1978.

(87) Correspondence with researcher Sally Mens, 2008.

(#88) Mein Film Illustrierte #444, 1934. Courtesy of Kathinka Dittrich van Weringh.

(#89) Book: Berlin Diary by William Shirer. Hamish Hamilton, UK.

(#90) Research by Voorhout Historical Society researcher Monique van Buul, 2008 (partly based on her conversations with Janny van Delft-Kaster, Truus' neighbour in Voorhout).

(#91) Book: Beyond Caligari: The Films Of Robert Wiene by Uli Jung and Walter Schatzberg. Berghahn Books, UK, 1999.

(#92) Correspondence with Piet Dirkx, Keeper of the Records, Filmmuseum, Amsterdam.

(#93) Correspondence with Rosemary Hanes, Reference Librarian, Moving Image Section, Library of Congress, 2009.

(#94) Article in Mein Film Illustrierte. c1931. Courtesy of EYE Film Institute Netherlands.

(#95) Article in Die Film-Illustrierte. #49, 1928. Courtesy of EYE Film Institute Netherlands.

(#96) Article in Het Leven by Charles Tobi, date unknown, 1927. Courtesy of EYE Film Institute Netherlands.

(#97) Correspondence with Riny van Aalten, 2010.

(#98) Article in Gazet van Limburg, 5 Feb 1955. Courtesy of EYE Film Institute Netherlands.

(#99) Article in unknown Dutch newspaper, 1934. Courtesy of EYE Film Institute Netherlands.

(#100) Article in De Katholieke Vrouw, 1934. Courtesy of EYE Film Institute Netherlands.

(#101) Filmuseum-Cinemateek film programme #54, March 1983.

(#102) Article in Vrij Nedferland, 12 March 1983.

(#103) Article "Een laatste opdracht" in privately-printed book "Egbert Barten - 50 - Liber Amicorum" (Blotto Press, Hilversum, 2010).

(#104) Emails from Truus’ carer Sandra Driebergen, November 2016.

The pictures of the two Sieben Töchter... posters are used by kind permission of

The Het Weekblad #204, 221 and 222 scans are very generously provided by Kees Kleihues van Tol, who runs the site, a fantastic resource of photos of old film Kuriers, cards, etc. He also scanned the REB 10 postcard.

The postcard REB 5 is courtesy of Historical Advice Bureau 33-45, a Dutch company set up to provide researchers with expert advice on life during the period 1933-45. Their website is at

Postcards REB 7 and MB&Z I are generously scanned by film researcher Rich Finegan.

Truus' 1950 phone number was found by Sally Mens at



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